Saturday, December 31, 2011

Vaishya Vani, A Vaishya community of Maharastra & Goa

Vaishya Vani(Devanagri:वैश्य वाणी), is a trader/merchant community hailing from the western coast of India, residing in the Konkan division of Maharashtra, Goa,some parts of coastal and central Karnataka, and Kerala. This community commonly known as Vanis (वाणी) and sometimes Kudali Vanis (कुडाळी वाणी). They speak dialects ofMarathi and Konkani.


]
Culture

The Vaisya/Vani community, the third highest in the classical varna system, is a single endogamous group of Kudali Vanis in Goa who later migrated to other states during Inquisition period. They are traditionally traders and commercial communities, though the Vaisya community in Goa is relatively small in comparison to other states in India.They are concentrated in urban areas, especially Mapusa, Ponda, Margaotowns in Goa, Karwar in Karnataka and throughout the Konkan coast.

They are non-vegetarian but abstain from eating pork and beef.

Marriage rites are akin to those of other Hindu communities,following the HinduSamskaras.[3]

]
Classification

  • They are divided into 37[4] Gotras like Bharadwaj, Saunatya, Mahendra, Panika, Gautam, Chanaksha, Vishnuvardhan, etc.[5]
  • They bear surnames like Khadye,Alve, Ardekar, Banare, Bidaye, Bobhate,Chavan, Dhamnaskar,Dhavale, Govekar, Taishete, Kanekar, Nagvekar, Kamerkar, Kanade, Korgaonkar, Kesarkar, Padte, Berde, Bandekar, Gavandalkar, Teli,Narvekar, Narkar, Khalap, Mejari, Redij, Sadadekar, Shetti, Damodare,Gangan,shirodkar, Khatu, Lad,Munj, etc.

  • They worship deities like Mahalakshmi, Shri Ekviradevi, Shantadurga,Shri Mahalasa Narayani, Chamundeshwari, Bhagaveshwar, Kelbai, Kanakeshwari, etc. as their Kuldevtas.

  • Major subgroups by geography are Thanekar Vaishya around Thane, Raigad district, Sangameshwari Vaishya in Ratnagiri District, Patnastha Vaishya Vani (a small group around Kharepantan taluka between Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg District), Kudale Vaishya Vani from Sindhudurg District, Karwar Vaishya Vani from Uttar Kannada District. Further Konkani-speaking Goamantak Vaishya Vani samaj. Konkani- and Kannada-speaking Vaishya Vani samaj commonly know as "kannada vaishya sangha" in Karnataka, Goa and Maharashtra. Small communities bordering Konkan Belt in Kolhapur District and in Belgaum..

  • Maharastra Government has withdrawn OBC status for the caste by GR on 19th July 2011 .


गुप्त या गुप्ता एक प्रमुख वैश्य उपनाम

Gupta /ˈɡuːptə/ (Hindi: गुप्ता) is a common surname of Indian origin of Vaishya Bania Community, Gupt or Gupta always use as a surname of vaishya community.

According to some academicians, the name Gupta is derived from Sanskrit goptri, meaning military governor. A more direct translation of the Sanskrit word gupta is 'secret' or 'hidden'. According to prominent historian R. C. Majumdar, the surname Gupta was adopted by several different vaishya communities in northern and eastern India at different times. In south vaishya communities use sur name chetty, shetty, setty, settigar etc.

In northern India, the surname Gupta has been adopted mainly by the Agarwal communities.

Below is a list of various Vaishya communities which adopt the surname Gupta

Agarwal : Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi

Barnwal: Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan

Kesarwani : Uttar Pradesh

Khandelwal: Rajasthan

Mahajan: Jammu, Punjab, Himachal 

Mahawar: Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi

Maheshwari: Rajasthan

Mathur: Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan

Dhromer: Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Delhi

Porwal: Rajasthan

Rastogi: Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan

Rauniyar or Roniyar: Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Nepal,

Varshney: Western Uttar Pradesh, Eastern Rajasthan

Omer : Southern Uttar Pradesh

Agrahari: Uttar Pardesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, West Bengal


List of people with the name Gupta

Monarchs

Chandragupta Maurya, founder of the Mauryan Empire

Maharaja Sri-Gupta, founder of the Gupta Empire

Ghatotkacha (Gupta Ruler), father of Chandragupta I

Chandragupta I, first Gupta emperor

Samudragupta

Chandragupta II, also known as Chandragupta Vikramaditya

Kumaragupta I

Skandagupta 

Vishnugupta (Gupta Empire)

Scientists

Brahmagupta (589–668), Indian mathematician and astronomer

Academics

Aghore Nath Gupta, an Indian scholar of Buddhism and a preacher of the Brahmo Samaj

Akhil Gupta, professor at the University of California, Los 

Angeles, in the field of social and cultural anthropology

Amar Gupta, professor and scientist

Amlan Das Gupta, Indian professor of English in Jadavpur University, Kolkata

M K Das Gupta, Indian professor and scientist

Modadugu Vijay Gupta, Indian biologist

S. P. Gupta, Indian archaeologist and art historian

Suraj N. Gupta, Indian-American physicist

In business and management

Mahendra Mohan Gupta, owner of the Dainik Jagran group of Hindi newspapers

N. C. Sen Gupta, eleventh Governor of the Reserve Bank of India

Raj Gupta, CEO and president of Rohm and Haas

Rajat Gupta, United Nations special advisor on management reforms, former director of Goldman Sachs and former head of McKinsey Consulting

Rajiv Gupta, general manager of Hewlett Packard's E-speak project

S. K. Gupta, vice president of Lockheed Martin Corporation

Vinod Gupta, chairman and CEO of infoUSA

Subodh Gupta, chairman and CEO of HemtroN Lightings,www.rouniyar.com,Rouniyar Sewa Sansthan Delhi

In entertainment

Aditi Gupta, Indian television actress

Anil Gupta, British writer and producer (radio and television)

Buddhadev Das Gupta, Indian classical sarod musician and teacher

Neena Gupta, Indian film and television actress

Rajendra Gupta, actor in cinema for good character roles.

Partho Sen-Gupta, Indian film director and script writer

Puja Gupta, winner of Miss India Universe in 2007

Tanika Gupta, British playwright of Indian origin

Sanjay Gupta (director), Bollywood director

Yana Gupta, Indian model-actress of Czech-origin

Dr. Sanjay Gupta, American teleneurosurgeon and CNN senior medical correspondent

Eesha Gupta, Film Actress

In journalism

Shekhar Gupta, editor-in-chief of Indian Express

Rajat Gupta, Editor Dainik Jagran 

In literature

Maithili Sharan Gupt, Indian Hindi poet

Baldev Raj Gupta, Indian writer

Ishwar Chandra Gupta, Indian Bengali poet and writer

Jagadish Gupta, Bengali poet and writer

Mahendranath Gupta, Indian spiritual writer and disciple of 

Ramakrishna Paramahamsa

Shashibhusan Dasgupta, Bengali scholar in philosophy, languages and literature

In politics

Banarsi Das Gupta, former chief minister of Haryana

Indrajit Gupta, Indian Communist leader, Union Minister for Home Affairs during 1996-98

Ram Prakash Gupta, Indian politician; former chief minister of Uttar Pradesh and governor of Madhya Pradesh

Shyama Charan Gupta, Indian politician

Badal Gupta, Indian revolutionary

Dinesh Gupta, Indian revolutionary

Ram Prakash Gupta, Indian social worker and participant in the Indian Independence movement and Bhoodan movement

Manmath Nath Gupta, Indian revolutionary and author of autobiographical, historical and fictional books in Hindi, English and Bengali

Niranjan Sen Gupta, Indian revolutionary
Nolini Kanta Gupta, Indian revolutionary, linguist, scholar, critic, poet, philosopher and mystic

In sports

Abhinn Shyam Gupta, Indian badminton player

Pankaj Gupta, Indian sports administrators

Sandip Gupta, Kenyan cricketer

Abhijeet Gupta, Indian chess player



Friday, December 30, 2011

OMAR VAISHYA - ओमर

The Omar is an Indian Bania Vaishya caste, found among mainly in Central Uttar Pradesh (Kanpur region), Magadh, Awadh and Purvanchal. They claim to have originated from Ayodhia, and then spread to other parts of Awadh, eventually settling in different parts of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Jharkhand. Some theories and ancient texts suggest that the name 'OMAR' has been derived from OM which is a sacred/mystical syllable in the Dharmic or Indian religions, i.e.Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, and Sikhism.

The Omar is known as Umar in different parts of Bihar and Jharkhand. They use "Omar" and "Gupta" as surname. A majority lives in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh & Badshahpur; and in Deoghar district of Jharkhand; Jamui, Sahibganj, Siwan, Saran, and Gopalganj districts of Bihar. The standard of living varies from lower-middle class to upper- middle class.

The Omar have three sub-divisions, the Til Omar, Derh Omar and Dusra. Historically, the Omar were mainly shopkeepers, but many have now taken to other occupation. Their customs are similar to the Kasaundhan, another Bania community. A number of people from this caste has businesses as "Decorators for Functions/Festivals" in Deoghar, and many of them work for the government.

From Wikipedia with thanks.

उनई साहू वैश्य

Unai Sahu


The Unai Sahu or sometimes pronounced Unaya are a Bania Vaishya sub-caste found in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. They get their name from the towm of Unnao in Uttar Pradesh, and Unai literally means someone from Unnao.The community consist of two endogamous sub-groups, the Unai proper and the Unawa. They speak the Awadhi dialect, and are Hindus. The Unai Sahu are found mainly in the districts of Barabanki, Faizabad and Gond.

They derive their name Sahu, or sometimes pronounced Sao and Sah, from their ancestral family business of bankers and money lending: from the Hindi word SAHUKAR, meaning, in a sense, persons dealing with money. Sahu Vaishya also have traditional business of oilseeds and oil milling. With the passage of time they have spread to many parts of India, particularly eastern India.

They bear different surnames in different regions and states of India such as Sahu/Sahoo, Bilsora, Patel, Shah, Shaw/Saw, Prasad, Gupta, Rathore, Vaniyar, Saha, Gorai, Samani, Sadhu-Khan, Das, Kubara/Kubera, Talakar, TeliLingayat, Gandla, Telikula, Modi, Devathilakula, Teli Sahu, Teli Rathod, Ganiga, Bahaldia, Teli, Sethi (Punjabi speaking). People from these community are peace lover, business minded, helpful and religious. Most of the population is in MP,CG, UP, Orissa,Bihar and Rajasthan

From Wikipedia with thanks

Tuesday, December 27, 2011

KAPALI VAISHYA - कपाली वैश्य, बंगाल की एक प्रमुख वैश्य जाति

Family names 

Sarkar, Mondal, Sikdar, Biswas, Kapali, Poddar, Roy, Sen, Kirtania 

Baishya Kapalis (Bengali: বৈশ্য কপালী) simply known as the Kapalis(Bengali: কপালী) are a Bengali Vaishya Bania Hindu agricultural caste spread throughout West Bengal and Bangladesh. Minor populations are settled in Bihar, Jharkhand, Tripura, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Nepal, Assam and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The Kapalis were originally Kashmiri Brahmins who migrated and settled in Bengal where they excelled in the cultivation of jute and manufacture of gunny bags. The governments of India and West Bengal both have classified Kapalis and Baishya Kapalis under Other Backward Classes since 1994.

The ninth of the eleven Rudras of the Thirty-three gods of Hindu pantheon is known as Kapali. According to Vamana Purana the Rudras were the sons of Kashyap and Aditi, while Matsya Purana mentions them as the offspring of the union between Brahma and Surabhi. The Harivamsa, an appendix to the Mahabharata mentions the Rudras as the children of Kashyap and Surabhi. The Adiparva of Mahabharata states that Kapali married the daughter of a sage and begot a son. According to Shourindra Kumar Ghosh, the progeny of their offspring came to be known as the Kapalis.

Origin

The Kapalis were Brahmins, who had settled in Kapalinagar on the banks ofShyok river in Kashmir. When Bhairav Kapali, the leader of the Kapali society, embraced Buddhism, he was declared an out caste by the Kashmiri Brahmin society. He migrated to Bengal where he settled down permanently with his family. His descendants came to be known as Baishya Kapalis in the course of time. According to Satish Chandra Mitra, the descendants of Bhairav Kapali had migrated to Bengal after the famine in Kashmir in 1099.

History

Extraction of jute fibre.

The Brihaddharma Purana has no mention of the Kapalis. TheBrahmavaivarta Puranacategorized the Kapalis with the untouchables. According to a tradition, after inviting the five Brahmins from Kannauj, Adisur ordered the Kapalis to wash their feet. When the Kapalis refused, they were decreed as untouchables. Satish Chandra Mitra believed that Ballal Sena had decreed the Kapalis to be out castes, much like the Subarnabaniks, on the presumption that they were Buddhists. Appropriate origin theories were created to justify their lowly rank in the new social order. In one such origin theory mentioned by Bankim Chandra, the Kapalis were a mixed caste, born out of a Kaibarta (Jaliya) father and a Brahminmother. James Wise mentioned that the Kapalis are a mixed caste born out of a Karmakar father and a Teli mother. He however didn't cite any sources for his claim but he mentioned that according to a different school Kapalis were born of Kaibarta father and Brahmin mother.


After the demotion in the social strata, the Kapalis took to agriculture, dairy farming and business. The Kapalis excelled in the cultivation of jute and the preparation of gunny bags from jute. Gradually they became prosperous and some of them even became wealthy landowners. During the reign of Maharaja Pratapaditya, many Kapalis were employed in the government as well as in the army. The Kapalis do not work as labourers, servants or domestic helps.

Ethnology

The Kapalis usually have two gotras - Kashyap and Shiva. However Santosh Kumar Kundu mentions three gotras namely, Kashyap, Alimyan and Moudgalya. The Kapali family names are Ray, Tarafdar, Majumdar, Palit, Haldar, Biswas, Mallik, Mandal, Sardar, Dhali, Nayak, Das, Khan, Dafadar. Majority of such family names were initially titles bestowed in the medieval period. Some Kapalis still use Kapali as their surname.

Religion

The Kapalis were originally Shaivites belonging to the school of Kashmir Shaivism, but later they embraced Buddhism. After the Bhakti movement, the Kapalis became Vaishnavas. In the present day, the majority of the Kapalis are Vaishnavas with a minority being Shaktas. The Kapalis follow the religious rituals with great devotion and piety. The Kapalis have separate Brahmins known as Goswamis. Satish Chandra Mitra too mentions that the Kapalis have separate Brahmins to serve them.

Eminent Persons

Jyotirmoyee Sikdar
Alok Kapali
Haripada Kapali 



गंधबनिक, बंगाल की प्रमुख वैश्य जाति

Gandhabanik


Gandhabanik
গন্ধবণিক
Kuladevi (female)Gandheshwari
ReligionsHinduism
LanguagesBengali
Populated StatesWest Bengal
Family namesSaha, Sadhu, Laha, Khan, Rudra, Datta, De, Dhar, Dhar, Kar, Nag
Gandhabaniks (Bengali: গন্ধবণিক) are a Bengali Hindu Vaishya Bania trading caste, who as their caste name suggests, traditionally used to trade in perfumes,[1] incense and exotic spices.[1] Chinese traveller Fa Hien referred to the Gandhabaniks as the Hindu businessmen of India.[2] The Gandhabaniks trace their lineage toChand Sadagar[3] and Dhanapati Sadagar.[4] In spring, the Gandhabaniks pay homage to Gandheshwari, the goddess of perfume.[5]

Contents

[hide]

[edit]
Origin

According to the Brahmabaibarta Purana, Parashuram and Rudrajamala, the Gandhabaniks were born out of the union between an Ambastha male and Rajput female. According to another legend, a maid named Kubja used to supply flowers and sandalwood at the royal court of Kangsa at Mathura. Krishna met Kubja on the way, and transformed her into a beautiful maiden and married her. The offspring of the union is the father of the Gandhabaniks. According to yet another legend, during the marriage with Durga, Shiva created the Gandhabaniks to meet the need of perfumes and aromatics. The four of Gandhabaniks, namely the Desh, Shankha or Sangha, Abat or Aut and Santrish or Chhatrish were born out of his forehead, armpits, navel and feet respectively.

[edit]
Ethnology

The lineage of the Gandhabaniks can be traced from the nine gotras namely Alimyan, Bharadwaj, Kashyap, Krishnatreya, Moudgalya, Nrisingha, Ram rishi, Sabarna and Sandilya. The Gandhabanik society is traditionally divided into four groups namely Desh, Sangha, Abat and Santrish.[6] The family names of the Desh are Saha, Sadhu, Laha, Khan and Rudra. The family names of the Auts are Datta, De, Dhar, Dhar, Kar and Nag. The Gandhabaniks, being traders, have traditionally settled along the urban centres in Bengal, mostly along the banks of Hooghly. In eastern Bengal they were mostly concentrated in the Dhaka-Vikrampur region and other urban localities. After the Partition, the Gandhabaniks from the eastern districts like Jessore and Faridpur, migrated toWest Bengal.

[edit]
Religion

The Gandhabaniks were initially Shaivas, later they became Shaktas. Their conversion of Shaivism and Shaktism is depicted in the story of Dhanapati Sadagar. Later, they turned towards Vaishnavism during reform movement of Chaitanya. However, titular deity Gandheshwari is still worshipped.

[edit]

माथुर वैश्य-MATHUR VAISHYA


Mathur Vaishya

MathurVaishya (Hindi: माथुरवैश्य), is a sub-caste of Vaishya, a Hindu caste. They are also referred as Mathuria (Vaishya).

Origins

According to the Hindu theology, Lord Brahma, the Creator, created the four Varnas. Also as per the oldest mention of the varna system in the Purusha sukta of Rigveda 10.90.12, "... his two thighs were theVaishya, ... born". According to the Indian caste system, Vanika (Sanskrit) or Bania (Hindi) is a trader or merchant belonging to the business class. They are also referred to as Vaishya. Yellow color is associated with Vaishya. Gupta is the most widely used surname of Vaishya.

History

The Mathuria Vaishya sub-caste of the Vaishya were a part of trading community in Mathura until around 1018 CE. During the ancient period, Mathura was an economic hub, located at the junction of some relatively important caravan routes. Mathura had historical links with Bateshwar, which is also located on the banks of river Yamuna. Bateshwar was founded by the king Śũrasena grandfather of lord Krishna according to legends. River Yamuna flow around Bateshwar in shape of Bel Patra (Aegle marmelos).

According to history, Mahmud Ghaznavi destroyed and plundered the temple city of Thanesar and massacred its inhabitants in 1014 CE. Mahmud Ghaznavi's army brought to Ghazni 20,000 captives, and much wealth. Then, in 1018, when the news of his imminent attack on Mathura broke out, panic spread in the city, causing mass migration from city of Mathura. One group of the business community (approximately 100 families) rushed to escape southwards along the bank of River Yamuna (about 100 km journey) to Bateshwar (and surrounding area Bah, Jarar). These migrants from Mathura came to be known as Mathuria Vaishya (Vaishya, who came from Mathura), who were named as Mathur Vaishya in British census. Mathur Vaishya have no connection with the Mathur (including so called Mathur Merchants) sub-caste of Kayastha, as well as Mathuria from other Varna apart from sharing the same ancestral homeland in the Mathura kingdom. Mathuria Vaishya used to wear the sacred thread, which is the mark of the Dwija or twice-born.

Since Mathur Vaishya were forced by circumstances to leave most of their belongings back home in Mathura, most of them became poor. They could not retrieve their belongings afterwards, as almost the whole city was burned to earth by the invaders. They restarted their lives with small business opportunities. With the passage of time and broadening of opportunities, they followed other professions along with trading. Some of them moved to nearby village Samugarh (across the river Uttagan), now known as Fatehabad. Over time, the migration range widened to nearby villages Pinahat, IradatNagar andShamsabad. During early part of British period (1804-1858 CE), Mathur Vaishya took further steps in migration and moved beyond the northern bank of Yamuna (Shikohabad, Chandwar Nagar, Sirsaganj) and the southern bank of the Chambal (Ambah, Porsa, Morena) & south-west of ephemeral rivers Parbati / Banganga / Uttagan & Gambhiri / Khari-nadi (Dholpur, Mania).

Present conditions

Chandwar Nagar is located on bank of river Yamuna and is south of current Firozabad city. Mathur Vaishya left Chandwar Nagar (only area of their homeland, where they deserted in toto) because of dacoits problem. With the introduction of railways, Mathur Vaishya also migrated to big cities like Kanpur, Kolkata, Delhi, Bangalore, Chennai, Mumbai, Hyderabad. Now they are spread all over India and some abroad too.

The Mathur Vaishya population is still well below a million. Firozabad has highest Mathur Vaishya population, followed by Agra. Most of the Mathur Vaishya in Firozabad are associated with the glass bangles business. In Firozabad, Mathur Vaishya are also referred to as Mathuria. Mr. Russel mentions that subcastes are of the usual local or territorial type, as ... Mathuria, and so on.. Most of Mathur Vaishya use Gupta as their surname, while others write their gotra as surname.

The Mathur Vaishya speak Hindi or BrajBhasha, a dialect of Hindi spoken by people who evolved around the banks of Yamuna river. . Mathur Vaishya have traditionally been strictly vegetarian and non-alcoholic, though some have changed in the modern times. Mathur Vaishya worship deities Rama, Krishana, Shiva,Hanuman, Durga, Ganesha & amp; Laxmi. Mathur Vaishya used to (even now) make a visit to the Mata KAILA devi temple at Karauli, Rajasthan to obtain blessing of Kuldevi after an auspicious occasion.

Distinct features about Mathur Vaishya, unlike some other vaishya communities are:

a) Mathur Vaishya's initial migration from their home land was invariably to the big cities.

b) Mathur Vaishya did not adopt or convert to other religions (including Jainism), despite surrounding areas under severe influence.

c) Mathur Vaishya preferred wholesale nature of business instead of retail.

d) The clan (exogomus division, also known as Gotra in non-Brahamin) nomenclature was derived from trading business of family's head in Mathura.

Aloo (Potato) Ka Rasa is an integral part of dinner meal, and cooked at least once a week in Mathuria Vaishya's home (probably exclusively). Aloo Ka Rasa is basically a Sour Yoghurt based Indian curry or gravy primarily consisting of a sour yoghurt and water base thickened with boiled Potato. Various herbs and spices (Turmeric powder, Corainder leaves, Cumin seed etc.) are added to the 'Rasa' to give it a very distinct flavour.
Clan System

Mathuria Vaishya ancestors in Mathura were wholesale traders, who were engaged in businesses of Food items, Cloth, Kitchen Wares, Gold, Medicines, Health Supplements, Beauty Care products, Building Material, Wood, Plant Leaves, Arms. Hence, the clan system was derived to preserve identity of family tree. Few more clan increased, as bigger clans got sub-divided. The comedy of error (mis-spellings) also helped to add few more clans. People from same clan were Gotriya brother & sistser. Later, Khandan was defined as seven contiguous generations through unbroken male siblings of a clan.

गोत्र 

Annawaria, Hindi: अनवरिया 

अthabariya, Hindi:अठबरिया / अठबैया 

Arabhariya, Hindi: अरबहरया 

Akharwar, Hindi:अखरवार 

अlampuria, Hindi: अलापुरिया / आलमपुरिया  

Etiwar, Hindi: ऐतिवार 
 
Oahawar, Hindi: ओहावार 

Auriya, Hindi: औरिया 

Theksere, Hindi: ेकसेरे 

Pengoria, Hindi: पैंगोरिया 

Pachadhari, Hindi: पचाधरी 

Panwaria, Hindi:पनबरिया 

Paroliya, Hindi: पारौलिया 

Panniwar, Hindi: पन्नीवार 

Pipraiya, Hindi: पिपरैया 

Suraiya, Hindi: सुरैया 

Sanwasit, Hindi: संवासित 

Sujanpuria, Hindi:सुजानपुरिया 

Sudaisak, Hindi: सुदैसक 

Senkda, Hindi: सेंकड़ा 

Soni, Hindi: सोनी 

Sandilya, Hindi: साडिल्य 

Samasin, Hindi: समासिन 

Sakriwar, Hindi:साकरीवार 


Shanichara, Hindi: शनिचरा 

Shalya, Hindi: शल्या 

Shiroiya, Hindi: शिरोइया 

Shambashah, Hindi:शम्भाशाह 

Raipuria, Hindi: रैपुरिया 

Rainguriya, Hindi: रैनगुरिया 

Rampuria, Hindi: रमपुरिया 

Rainduha, Hindi: रैदेहुआ 

Ramberiya, Hindi: रामबेरिया 

Revadi, Hindi: रेवाड़ी 

Bagula, Hindi: बगुला 

Baraiya, Hindi: बरैया 

Bagbular, Hindi: बगबुलार 

Bachharwar, Hindi:बछरवार 
 
Balaiwar, Hindi: बलाईवार 

Bansalas, Hindi: बंसलवार 

Bariwar, Hindi: बारीवार 

Basoriya, Hindi: बासोरिया 

Babarpuria, Hindi:बाबरपुरिया 

Bandesiya, Hindi:बन्देसिया 

Badlas, Hindi: बादलस 

Bamaniya, Hindi:बामनियां 

Badua, Hindi: बादउआ 

Virehua, Hindi: विरेहुआ 

Virthariya, Hindi: विरथरिया 

Viroriya, Hindi: विरोरिया 

Gajpuria, Hindi: गजपुरिया 

Gidoriya, Hindi: गिंदौलिया / गिदौरिया 

Gangalas, Hindi: गांगलस 

Gulia, Hindi: गुलिया 

Ganpati, Hindi: गणपति 

Guteriya, Hindi: गुटेरिया 

Gotanlas, Hindi: गोतनलस 

Golas, Hindi: गोलस 

Jatua, Hindi: जटुआ 

Jabrewa, Hindi: जबरेवा 

Jigariya, Hindi: जिगारिया 

Jiroliya, Hindi: जिरौलिया 

Jigarwar, Hindi: जिगरवार 

Katheriya, Hindi: कठैरिया 

Kashiwar, Hindi: काशीवार 

Kuteriya, Hindi: कुटेरिया 

Kutwariya, Hindi: कुतवरिया 

Kachchlas, Hindi:कच्छलस / कठछारस 

Katrauliya, Hindi: कतरौलिया 

Kankatia, Hindi:कनकतिया 

Katas, Hindi: कातस 

Kothia, Hindi: कोठिया 

Mohaniya, Hindi: मोहनियॉं 

Modi, Hindi: मोदी 

Merothiya, Hindi: मैरोठिया 

Madhawar, Hindi: मढ़ावार 

Mathesuriya, Hindi:माठेसुरिया 

Murwaria, Hindi:मुरवारिया 

Mahamaniya, Hindi:महामनियॉं 

Mahawar, Hindi: महावार 

Mandalas, Hindi: माडलस 

Bhesanwar, Hindi:भेसनवार 

Bhatarkotia, Hindi:भतरकोठिया 

Bhabhalpuria, Hindi:भभालपुरिया 

Bhadrauliya, Hindi:भदरौलिया 

Chandalas, Hindi: चॉदलस 

Chaudahrana, Hindi:चौदहराना 

Chausia, Hindi: चौसिया 

Laghua, Hindi: लघउआ 

Therahmaniya, Hindi:तैरहमनिया 

Tainguriya, Hindi: तैनगुरिया 

Ghagharwar, Hindi:घाघरवार 

Khobadiya, Hindi: खोबड़िया 

Khuteriya, Hindi: खुटैटिया 

Fanjoloya, Hindi: फंजोलिया 

Farsaiya, Hindi: फरसैया 

Hathkatia, Hindi: हतकतिया / हथकटिया 

Jayadeva, Hindi: जयदेवा 

Doneriya, Hindi: दोनेरिया 

Niboriya, Hindi: निबौरिया 

Naugaiya, Hindi: नौगैया 

Nirjawar, Hindi:निरजावार 

Obviously, the clan was very divergent. Some of clan names seems common in other varna, castes and / or sub-castes. Vaishya are those whose mind is engaged by the VISHAYA. VISHAYA means, subject or specialization or professional knowledge. When a product is sold in volume at consistent basis, it becomes profession. Hence, these migrants from Mathura were Vaishya from time immemorial in true spirit ofVedas. Some of descendents, from some of clans left Bateshwar area and / or joined their earlier relatives, as life was tough and business aveneues were limited. This has caused some clans big (e.g. Baccharwar), while some small (e.g. Basoriya). In case of adoption, both clan (bio-logical as well adopting) parents linkage was considered. However, marriages are forbidden within two degrees on the biological mother's side, and seven on the bio-logical father. The adopting father gotra becomes gotra of adopted child. Widow re-marriage was not allowed, however widower re-marriage was allowed.

As life moved forward, there was additions in clan (clan names ending with letter 'AL') of those Vaishya of erstwhile Mathura, who could not join them earlier. These following clans were added generations later, when they arrived in Bateshwar area.

Kotwal, Hindi: कोतवाल 

Kaushal, Hindi: कौशल 

Bachhal, Hindi: बाछल


In past, Mathur Vaishya did not marry, if any of four Gotra (of Father, Maternal Uncle, Grandmother & Maternal Grandmother) matched among themselves. The reasoning for same was the belief; that many years ago their elders belonged to one clan and hence are blood related brothers and sisters. This worked perfectly for centuries, as there were more than 100 clans. However, with imbalance in clan sizes and desire for specific type of lifemate in the community, forced a change in custom. Now only matching of Gotra of Father & Maternal Uncle is checked, along with check of bride / groom swapping on father's side among living generations (e.g. Bride's brother can not marry Groom's sister in future). Despite the above mentioned additions in community centuries ago, the community over these years has become localized, and may suffer in future the effects of DNA recessive mutations. According to tradition, the dasa are said to be the close relatives of Mathur Vaishya having non-Mathur Vaishya spouse & their descendants, though this concept is a thing of the past now.

Community Organization

Mathur vaishya have an all India organization called Akhil Bharatiya Mathur Vaishya Mahasabha which was founded in 1887 CE, (and also a women organisation called Mahila Sammelan), having its office in all big cities of India, and main offices at Agra & Jaipur. About 1970 CE, reforms were mooted in community again. It was suggested that the remarriage and rehabilitation of widows be permitted. There was demand for abolition of dowry, which continue to hurt community like double edged sword. Following are some of publications about community in Hindi language:

Mathur vaishya Bandhu 

Mathur vaishya Chetna 
 
Mathur vaishya Chitran

Mathur vaishya Darpan 

Mathur vaishya Jagrati 

Mathur vaishya Hiteshi

Mathur Vaishya as a community have progressed tremendously.Today they are all are successful and at the top in business in India and growing .In pre-independent British India, they actively participated in freedom struggle. There were few MLA (Member of Legislative Assembly), MLC (Member of Legislative Council) & Mayor from Mathur Vaishya community, who represented the constituencies of Jhansi, Shikohabad, Fatehabad, Dholpur & Agra before caste polarization in Indian politics. In independent India, the initial preference among educated ones were professions of Doctor & Teacher. With the boom in outsourcing opportunities in India, Engineering has become the preferred profession among educated ones. In recent times, they are well placed in Corporate India.


साभार : विकी पेडिया