Saturday, December 10, 2011

साहु - तेली वैश्य - SAHU TELI VAISHYA

Sahu is an surname belonging to the teli caste of Vaishya varna (Merchant Class). This is to be mentioned as a Bania sub community or caste. (Vaishya Community).

They derive their name Sahu, or sometimes pronounced Sao and Sah, from their ancestral family business of bankers and money lending: from the Hindi word SAHUKAR, meaning, in a sense, persons dealing with money. Sahu Vaishya also have traditional business of oilseeds and oil milling.

"Sahu" (Hindi साहु) belonging to suryavanshi varna of India, known as Sahu Vaishyas and Rajasthani's is a business varna among Hindus. People belonging to this community bear different surnames in different regions and states of India, such as...

Patel, Shah, Sahu Shaw/Saw, Prasad, Gupta, Rathore, Vaniyar, Gorai, Keshri, Samani, Sadhu-Khan, Das, Kubara/Kubera, Talakar, TeliLingayat, Gandla, Telikula, Modi, Devathilakula, Teli Rathod, Ganiga, Bahaldia, Teli. Marriages happen within this community irrespective of the family name or title.

The Guptas, Modi, Rathore, Vaniyar and Das are however on the lowest peasant class in Madhya Pradesh and Chattisgarh. Most Sahus live in Andhra Pradesh,Chattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh, Orissa, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Bihar and Rajasthan. Some of the community live in the state of Haryana also.

Although there has been misconception about the sahus/telis been categorized under OBC in most of the part in India, the Sahus in Chattisgarh are considered to be in general categories. The Madhya Pradesh government in consensus with the central government has marked sahus in M.P. (then Chattisgarh) as non OBC based on the prosperous nature of the community and have declined further certificates to sahus as OBC.

Majority of sahu are tradesmen and belong to highest profession in Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. Most sahus in Orissa and Chhatisgarh are farmers. 



According to legend, once upon a time a holy soul named Karma Bai was born in a Sahu family. One day an elephant of the king of Narvargarh had an infection in his skin and the rajvaidya suggested that his life could only be saved by bathing in a pond of oil. The king instructed his people to fill the pond with oil in 3 days or else he would kill on the tradesmen. But this was an impossible task. Karma Bai prayed and managed to fill the whole pond with oil with just a jar. When the king saw this he felt very guilty. From that day onwards Sahu families worship Ma Karma Bai.

The word Teli comes from Tel, which means oil. The name Teli is given because of their profession of "making edible oil". In old times, these people had their small oil mills known as kolhu, ghana operated by oxen to make or extract edible oil from oil seeds like mustard and sesame.

The Teli are generally considered to by of the Vaishya (merchant) varna in Hinduism, though possibly of a lower or "less-pure" status. 

A history of the Telis written by the Secretary of the Teli Society claimed a Vaishya origin.


In Bengal, the Teli would be reckoned as Vaishya, along with other traders and bankers such as the Suvarnabanik, Gandhabanik, Saha.


In Rajasthan, the Teli claim Kshatriya (warrior) status, though their neighbors recognise them as Vaishya, Bania (merchants).

Distribution

Telis also called themselves Sahu Vaishyas. Telis are found throughout India. Hindu Teli are called Teli Sahu.

In north Maharashtra, most of them hide their family name and suffix Chaudhari as their surname.

In South India, Telugu-speaking Telis are called as Teli or Gandla. They have considerable population in Andhra Pradesh. They are differentiated as Deva Gandla, Setty Gandla, Sajjana Gandla. There are six gotras amonng them. They do not intermarry among the same gothras. Some Telis claim Kshatriya status and call themselves Reddy Gangla.

In Karnataka, Kannada-speaking Telis are called as Ganiga or Goud; Somakshatriya Ganigas and some Lingayat Ganigas (who worship Shiva) are also found there.

In Tamil Nadu, Telis are called Vaniya Chettiyar, Gandla Chetty, Ganiga Chetty, Chekkalar. Chekku denotes "oil press" in Tamil.

In Kerala, a Teli is often called Chettiar.

Telis are spread all over India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Maldives and Nepal.

lots of surname exist in teli like sapdhare, marghade, katkar, chopde, warkari.

Sub-divisions

This caste is also subdivided into multiple Teli subcastes such as:


Tilwan Teli
Shenwar Teli
Rathod Teli
Savji teli(i.e.Shirbhate,Gulhane,etc.)
Malik Teli
Tirmal teli
Ek baili/Erandel teli
Don baili teli
Sahu Teli
Lingayat Teli
Vaddhar Teli
Taheeme Teli
Jairat teli
Moodi
kokani teli
Malik shahu teli
Padmvanshi Teli

These mostly found in maharashtra vidarbha. Their surnames are as 

Jirapure,Mogarkar,Shirbhate,Ajmire, Bijwe, Katkar, Take Bhurane,Kale,Gulhane,Shahade,Shinde,Jaysingpure,Dehankar,Gawali, Kirve, Tapkire, Pote, Shelar, Dalvi, Kardile,Mahendre-Patil,kshirsagar,Waddettivar,Potdukhe,gulwade,shinde,dhole,shrirao,hande as on.They are widely spread in akola, Yavatmal, Amaravati,Wardha& Nagpur also in various placeses in Maharashtra.


Teli Chauhan

Teli Chauhan are seen in Bhiwani, Hissar (Hisar) and other districts of Haryana, Rajasthan and after grand migration of 1947 in Pakistani East Southern Punjab. This fact, represents that Teli is not something like hereditary caste or bloodline. It was just a professional organization of any family or caste who adopted oil pressing profession, especially during the time East India Company and The Great Freedom Massacre of 1857, when oil-pressing was said to have become a profitable profession and business.


Teli Chauhans are found in Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Sahiwal Kashmir and Sialkot, Gujranwal, Lahore district of Western Punjab. Official site for tel:- www.telisahusamaj.com

Don Baili Teli

These people used to work in oil mills with two oxen (bail) and it was symbol of richness. This teli samaj mostly found in maharashtra vidarbha. they speak marathi language which is zadi boli in east. Their surnames are as Daigavane, Bhure,Ghate,Talwekar, Mude, Mute, Kamdi, Bele, Gabhane, Jibhakate,Yenurkar, Lohbare, Moharkar, Ambulkar, Lanjewar, Pardhi, Uparkar, Wadibhasme, Gulhane, Lichade, Johari, Potbhare, Dhurve, Borkar, Talwekar, Wanjari, Bondre, Bawankule, Bhilawe, Satpute, Jaysingpure, Bhongade, Patil, Deshmukh,Wadkar, Sarode, Golhar, Ghatode, Rode, Fande, Rajankar, Kamdi,Dhadwe in Nanded District of maharashtra, Ghandhare,Dandare,Gaidhane, Gaidhani, Bhise, Vaghe, Diwte, Ghuguskar, Balbuddhe, Kawle, Padole,Dhage, Karemore, Sathwane, Bisne, Giradkar, Shende, Itankar, Charde, Dongre, Sakharkar, Pise, Waghamare,Kalambe, Dhoble, Makde, Chopkar, Nimkar, Bramhe, Hatwar, Manapure, Bhiogade, Mehar, Sakhure, Sakharkar, Sakharwade,Tighare, Dhanjode, Moharkar, Giripunje, Badwaik, Sawarbandhe, Kumbhalkar, Vaidya, Tibule, Navkhare, Zade, Chamat, Tambulkar, Hajare, Kirpan, Telmasare, Ikhar, Darwate, Bhajipale, Samrit, Maske, Bawankule, Divte, Malewar, Katekhye, Chindalore, Katore, Dhobre, Turaskar, Madankar, Bodhankar, Hagwane, Thombare, Rokade, Bagwaik, Lende, Aakare, Bawankar, Selokar, Bhole, Bawane, Shinde, Tilgule, Motghare, Yenurkar, Sawarkar, Dokarimare, kularkar, Bhugaonkar, Hiradkar, Kolhe, Bodakhe, Thote, Masurkar, Fating, waghulkar, Ubale in Hingoli District of maharashtra kre,Chakole as on. They are widely spread in Amaravati, Akola, Yavatmal, Chandrapur, Bhandara, Gondiya, Wardha, Washim, Gadchiroli & Nagpur also Pandurna (MP), ausar (MP)& Bhopal (MP), balaghat and betul, rajnandgaon,raipur&durg

Teli Rathore/Rathod

Another Teli group who chose profession of extracting oil from peanuts, soybeans for lightening and other purpose at the time of wars and moved from Rajasthan's District Ajmer, Bhilwara, Kota, Jhalawar,Jodhpur, Pali, Swai Madhopur, Jaipur to M.P, U.P, Gujarat, Punjab and other states. They are widely spread in MP in Indore, Neemuch, Mandsaur, Dhar, Ujjain, Ratlam, Jhabua, Alirajpur,Gwalior, Dewas, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra in Akola, Yavatmal, Amaravati, Nagpur and in Histroric Kannauj region of Uttar Pradesh(i.e., Knnauj,Kanpur,Mainpuri,Etawah). There Surnames are  Dhawale,Mehesare,Kurhekar,Rathore,Gotmare,Isokar,Khodake,Dhore,Lendhe,Makode,Chopade,Gomase,Iche,Tikhile,Zaparde,Wankhade,Bhirad,Bore,Misurkar,etc...Theyare actually debased Rathod Rajputs. They claim to be the descendants of Rathods of Kannauj. They separated from the main stream Rajputs after Ghori's invasion of India. Instead of calling themselves "Teli" they simply call themselves Rathores/Rathods. They consider themselves to be of true Rathore Rajput lineage.They are were initially Ksatriyas who accepted oil extracting as their profession during distress.

In some areas the Rathor gave up the name Teli entirely, and claimed Rajput status. They claimed either to come from Maihar State, and to have received the title of Mahato (from mahat, "great") from the Raja there. Alternately, some claimed to be "debased" Rathor Rajputs. These claim to have initially been Kshatriyas who took up the profession of oil-presser during times of hardship.

Padmvanshi Teli/ rathod teli 

As knows Rajsthan's Padmvanshi Teli, Mostly located in Maharashtra and MP (Jalgaon, Aurangabad, Indore, Ujjain, Ratlam, Jhabua Sendwa etc.) The Padmvandhi Teli are same cultural to Rathod Teli as mentioned above but Rathod Teli located widely. There last names are Ajmere, Asarwal, Aagwal, Bindwal, Chudhari, Dhakare, Lahiwal, Mahor, Mangrunde, Mangrule, Mavre, Mandavare, Nagare, Nainav, Perdeshi, Rathod, Surale, Sartale, Teli, Zalwar, And More..

Other Teli

There are many gotras that are a part of Muslim teli community in Pakistan. They subdivide in ikasna and doasna meaning having one profession and two professions respectively. other profession adopted my Muslim teli is of cotton ginning to make comforters (blankets filled with cotton) they are therefore known as doasna. All gotras in Muslim teli community are doasna teli.

Notable Telis


Shri Santaji Jagnade (1624–1688), a prominent Marathi Sant.


Shri Jevan Lal Sao (21 April 1929), Mahasamund, 1st member of M.P Public Service Commission.

Chandrashekhar Sahu, Minister of Agriculture Chhattisgarh


Shri Chandu Lal Sahu, Member of Lok Sabha Mahasamund


Shri Bhupendra Sahu, 1st IPS from Chhattisgarh


Kumari Ranu Sahu, 1st Female IAS from Chhattisgarh, Panduka


Jaishankar Prasad (January 30, 1889 – January 14, 1937), one of the most famous figures in modern Hindi literature.


Meghnad Saha(6 October 1893 – 16 February 1956) an Indian astrophysicist best known for his development of the Saha equation, used to describe chemical and physical conditions in stars.

Shri Narendra Modi, PRIME MINISTER OF INDIA 


Shri Mohan Lal Rathore, Ex M.L.A. Jhalrapatan, Rajasthan


Shri Kamal Kishore Son, 1st IAS Officer from Chhattisgarh.


Shri Jagat Ram Dewan,(1866–1976) 1st Deputy Collector of Sahu Samaj.


Shri Dhanendra Sahu, 1st President, Pradesh Congress Committee Chhattisgarh.


Shri Tarachand Sahu, 1st Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha from M.P-C.G.


Shri Lakhan Lal Sahu (Sonvarsha), Director Governing Council, National Co-operative Union of India


Shri Pandurang Banarase,Founder of first Indian industry in Europe (1948)


Ajibai Banarase,London based Entrepreneur(died 1983),President Maharastra Mandal London (1960 to 1973),build first Hindu temple in London (1965)


Abhay Namdeorao Mude, Highway Design Engineer Maharashtra


Kesharkaku Khirsagar, Former Member of Parliament from Beed Maharashtra


Venkatesh Prasad, Former Indian cricketer


T.C.Choudhary, Chartered Accountant 1st CA of India from Teli Community, Bhilwara


Ishwar Lal Sahu, Advocate, Former Chairman of Kota City


Ram Narain Sahu, Member of Parliament, Rajya sabha


Shri. Ganesh Mahadik, PF ESIC Executive Parel Mumbai


Shri. Pramod Shende,Wardha, X-Deputy Speaker of Maharashtra

साभार : विकिपीडिया 

17 comments:

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