Monday, March 19, 2012

Jain Art and Architecture: Jain Temples

jainism is one of the most ancient religions of the world. There are many beautiful temples built in ancient and medieval period, in various parts of India. Here are some beautiful photographs of Jain temples which are important in view of architecture, archeology, sculpture and history.

Jain Temple Complex on Chandragiri Hill, Shravanabelagola

Jain Temples at Shravanabelagola

Shravanabelagola is an ancient and historical place. There are two hills, namely Indragiri and Chandragiri. On Chandragiri, there is a temple complex, having many Jain temples of ancient and medieval period.

Jain Temple at Pattadkal, Karnataka

Jain Temple at Pattadkal

Pattadakal is a historical town in Karnataka. This Jain temple known as Jain Narayan temple is built in Dravidian style. it belongs to 9th century C.E., and was built by Amoghvarsh II, the great emperor of Rashtrakoot dynasty.

Jain Temple at Ranakapur, Rajasthan

Ceiling of the Ranakapur Jain Temple

Ranakapur Jain Temple

This is a famous Jain temple, situated at Ranakpur, a village in Pali district of Rajasthan in India. This was built under patronage of Rana Kumbha, the renowned ruler of Mewar in 15th century C.E.

The temple is devoted to Aadinath (also known as Rishabh or Rikhab), the first ford maker of Jainism.

The architecture of the temple is superb.

Dilwara Jain Temple, Mount Abu, Rajasthan

Jain Temples at Dilwara

The famous Dilwara Jain temples are near mount Abu, Rajasthan. There are five beautiful Jain temples, which were built by Chalukya Kings between 11th and 13th century C.E.

Jain Red Temple at Chandani Chowk, Delhi

Jain Temple at Chandani Chowk, Delhi

This is the oldest Jain temple of Delhi, the Capital of India. The temple is situated exactly opposite to Red Fort. It was built in 1656 C.E., in the reign of Mughal emperor Jahangir.

The original idols in this temple belonged to a Jain Army officer in Emperor Jahangir's army.

Jain Temple at Moodbidri

Jain Temple at Moodbidri

Thousand Pillars Jain Basadi, Moodbidri

Moodbidri is historical town of Karnataka, India. Basadi is the Kannada language word for temple. Thousand pillar Basadi is the most famous Jain temple amongst the 18 Basadis in the town. Built in 1430 C.E., this temple has 1000 pillars in it. The pillars are beautifully carved and no two pillars are identical.

Jain Temple at Chittorgarh Fort

Jain Temple at Chittorgarh

Chittorgarh in Rajasthan was capital of Mewar kingdom. There are 6 Jain temples on Chittorgarh fort. This is one of them.

Jain Temple at Halebid, Karnataka

Jain Temple at Halebidu

Halebidu is situated in Karnataka state of India. The town is about 180 KMs away from Bangalore This temple belongs to Hoyasal period. Hoyasal dynasty was follower of Jainism.

I have given few of the great Jain temples here and would like to add more soon.

By - Mahavir Sanglikar

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